Your rights when dealing with NSW Police

Dealing with the Police can be an extremely intimidating and confronting experience, particularly if you are being questioned or arrested on suspicion of having committed a crime.  It is important to be aware of your rights and remain calm when dealing with the Police.  Whilst you may not have committed an offence when first approached by Police, by being violent, aggressive, offensive or swearing at a Police Officer you may subsequently be charged with an offence.

The main Police powers are contained in the following legislation:

  • Law Enforcement (Powers and Responsibilities) Act 2002;
  • Road Transport Act 2013;
  • Bail Act 2013; and
  • Crimes (Domestic and Family Violence) Act 2007.

The above Acts set out circumstances where Police can exercise their powers and the responsibilities they have in exercising their powers.

Power to Demand Name and Address

Police have the power to request that you identify yourself and you must legally comply with this request in the following circumstances:

  • if the Police suspect on reasonable grounds that you may be able to assist them to investigate an indictable offence because you were at or near the scene of the offence;
  • if you are under the age of 18 and Police suspect you of carrying or consuming alcohol in public;
  • if you are suspected of committing an offence on a train or part of a railway;
  • if the Police are trying to serve a fine default warrant;
  • if you are driving a car or accompanying a learner driver;
  • if the driver of a car is alleged to have committed a traffic offence, the owner or person responsible for the car must provide the name and address of the driver;
  • if the Police suspect on reasonable grounds that a vehicle is being (or was, or may have been) used in connection with an indictable offence, and you are the driver or a passenger of the vehicle; and
  • if you are involved in an accident.

When can a Police Officer Arrest You?

A Police Officer can arrest you if:

  • you are committing an offence;
  • you have, or the Police Officer has reasonable grounds to suspect that you have committed an offence;
  • you have breached your bail conditions;
  • a warrant has been issued for your arrest;
  • you are breaching the peace;
  • the Police Officer needs to serve an Apprehended Violence Order on you or has a warrant for your arrest for serving an application for an Apprehended Violence Order on you; and
  • the Police Officer wishes to apply for a provisional (urgent) Apprehended Violence Order against you.

Court Attendance Notice

What a Police Officer must tell you when arresting you

The Police Officer placing you under arrest must:

  1. tell you that you are under arrest;
  2. tell you why you are being arrested; and
  3. tell you their name, rank and place of duty.

It may not be practical for the Police Officer to tell you these details at the time of your arrest.  If this is the case they must tell you as soon as possible after your arrest.  A Police Officer may use as much force as is necessary to arrest you.  If the force used by the Police Officer is unreasonable, it can amount to assault.

 When can the NSW Police search you?

A Police Officer can search you in the following circumstances:

  1. if you agree;
  2. if you are under arrest or being held in custody;
  3. if they have a search warrant; or
  4. if they have reasonable grounds to suspect that you are carrying:
  • Stolen goods;
  • Goods unlawfully obtained;
  • Prohibited drugs;
  • Knives, weapons or dangerous implements;
  • A laser pointer; or
  • An item that has been, or may be, used in a serious crime.

The search may include your car and/or your possessions.

 Police Questioning

You cannot be arrested for the sole purpose of questioning.  The Police can request that you accompany them to a Police Station for questioning, however, you are not required to go unless you have been arrested for an offence.

If you have been arrested for an offence, you do not have to take part in an interview to answer questions about that offence.

You have a right to silence, however, in some circumstances your right to silence may be used against you in Court where the Police have issued a “special caution“.  This ‘special caution’ can only be given if:

  1. you have had an opportunity to obtain legal advice from a lawyer; and
  2. you are given the ‘special caution’ in the presence of your lawyer.

If the ‘special caution’ has been given and you then fail or refuse to tell the Police a fact that is later relied upon in your defence, it may permit the Court to use your silence against you.  In some circumstances it may be in your best interest for your Lawyer not to attend the Police Station.


If you need assistance with dealing with the Police, contact Shire Legal on 9526 3444 or


Successful appeal for a 6 month driver’s licence suspension

Our criminal lawyer, Tony Greenwood, attended at Sutherland Court earlier this month to represent a client whose unrestricted driver licence was suspended for 6 months for exceeding the speed limit by more than 45 Km/h.

The law

In NSW, a driver can appeal the following types of decisions to suspend his or her driver’s licence:

  • a decision by the Roads and Maritime Service (RMS) to suspend a driver’s licence for exceeding the speed limit by more than 30 or more than 45 Km/hr
  • a decision by the RMS to suspend a P1 (incurring more than 4 demerit points) or P2 (incurring more than 7 demerit points) provisional driver licence for loss of demerit points
  • a decision by a police officer to suspend a driver licence on the spot for exceeding the speed limit by more than 45 Km/hr.

It is important to note that in New South Wales, the following decisions cannot be appealed:

  • a decision by the RMS to suspend an unrestricted driver licence for incurring demerit points;
  • a decision by the RMS to suspend an Interlock driver licence; and
  • a breach of a good behaviour bond attached to a driver licence.

Shire Legal’s client

Our client was caught by a mobile speed camera on the Kingsway at Gymea doing 120 Km/hr in a 60Km/hr zone. Not only did he receive a fine of $2,306, his licence was suspended for 6 months.

Why our client’s licence was important to him

Our client was a tradesman who operated his own business and he was required to be on the road driving around Sydney each working day. Consequently without a driver’s licence his ability to run his business would be severely affected.

Court Attendance Notice
The appeal

Our appeal grounds centered upon our client’s need for a driver’s licence, his good driving history, his good character and that he is fit to hold a licence.  Tony also arranged for our client to attend and complete an accredited traffic offender program.

Written references were tendered to the court together with his certificate of completion of the traffic offender program.  Detailed written submissions were also tendered to the court, and Tony made thorough oral submissions.

The Court’s decision

The Magistrate had to balance the seriousness of the offence and the purpose behind suspending speeding drivers (for example punishment, deterrence, and protecting the community) against our client’s subjective circumstances.

The Magistrate agreed with the submissions, and was persuaded that the 6 month suspension was excessive in the circumstances.

The result

Our client’s suspension period was therefore reduced from 6 months to 10 weeks. Our client was extremely happy with this result.


Speeding is a serious offence, and one which the police, RMS and Courts take very seriously.

If you require assistance with any traffic or criminal matter, please contact Tony Greenwood, Solicitor, Shire Legal on 9526 3444.

Charged with DUI?

We have recently achieved excellent results for many clients who were facing serious drink driving charges.

Drink driving is treated very seriously by the Courts, which can impose hefty penalties including:

  • fines of $1100 to $5500,
  • disqualification from 6 months to 5 years, and imprisonment up to 5 years.

The actual penalties vary depending on whether the offence is low, medium or high range, and whether it is a first or second offence.


Recent results for Shire Legal clients

We recently acted for a senior executive with a high profile public company who was facing low range drink drive charges.  After preparing his case carefully (which included the completion of a Traffic Offender Intervention Program, and obtaining several good references), we made detailed written and oral submissions to the Court dealing with the statutory provisions under the Crimes (Sentencing Procedure) Act, and the effect a conviction would have on his employment.

This client achieved an excellent result which included the Court not imposing a conviction provided the client is of good behaviour for 6 months. We also kept his case out of the media. Needless to say this client was very pleased with this result.

We also assisted a client who was facing a high range drink drive charge, and to make matters worse, this was his second offence of this nature. This client was facing a custodial sentence.

We identified some mental health issues and sent him to be assessed and treated, and we tendered a medical report to the Court. In a very pleasing result the Court agreed with our detailed written and oral submissions, and decided to allow this client one more chance, provided he continue with his treatment. The Court handed down a modest fine, imposed a good behaviour bond and disqualified him from driving for 5 years.

Good preparation, and an understanding of the client’s subjective factors, is what is required to obtain the best possible result in Court for drink driving offences.